On 28 January 2016 Canada’s Communications Security Establishment (CSE, formerly CSEC) admitted to the parliament that it had included Canadians’ metadata in its collection of foreign communications, which is prohibited in Canada by law.
This NSA presentation from March 2011 discusses the use of the XKeyScore tool for countering foreign CNE attacks: see the Intercept article XKEYSCORE: NSA’s Google for the World’s Private Communications, 1 July 2015.
This CSE presentation from 2011 describes some of the cyber warfare tools at the agency’s disposal: see the article Communication Security Establishment’s cyberwarfare toolbox revealed, 23 March 2015.
This CSEC presentation from 2011 communicates Canada’s current and future cyberwar plans to their Five Eyes partners: see the article Communication Security Establishment’s cyberwarfare toolbox revealed, 23 March 2015.
This 2010 CSEC document complete with speakers’ notes shows that visits to Canadian government websites were monitored, and hundreds of thousands of emails to government email addresses retained every day, for cybersecurity purposes: see the CBC News article CSE monitors millions of Canadian emails to government, 25 February 2015.
This post from the NSA’s internal SIDToday newsletter, dated 6 May 2010 and attributed to the Menwith Hill station describes NSA, CSEC and GCHQ’s acquisition of emails already exfiltrated by another actor: see the Intercept article Western Spy Agencies Secretly Rely on Hackers for Intel and Expertise, 4 February 2015.
This CSE (then CSEC) presentation from 2012 describes the Canadian agency’s file download monitoring operation: see the Intercept article Canada Casts Global Surveillance Dragnet Over File Downloads, 28 January 2015.
This June 2010 CSEC presentation for the CSEC conference outlines counter-computer network exploitation (CCNE) techniques: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.
This 2011 CSEC presentation describes how the agency analysed SNOWGLOBE, which it considered “to be a state-sponsored CNO effort, put forth by a French intelligence agency”: see the Der Spiegel article The Digital Arms Race: NSA Preps America for Future Battle, 17 January 2015.